Public school exists to ensure that all American citizens receive an education. The first public school was established in the town of Dedham, Massachusetts and since then, all states have established laws at the federal, state, and local levels that ensure every American citizen will receive a quality education.
Public school begins at the kindergarten level and concludes with the twelfth grade. The age in which children begin kindergarten varies from state to state and is established by each states laws. Along with the age of school entrance, the age that children are allowed to finish school varies.
Public schools are divided in to three categories: Primary, Middle, and Secondary. Primary grades are typically from Kindergarten to the Fifth grade. Middle school consists of grades 6th through 8th, and Secondary consists of grade 9th to 12th. By law, children in the United States must attend school. It may be public school, charter school, private school, or home education, but they must show academic improvement in a school environment.
Most children begin kindergarten during the ages of five and six. First grade is typically started when a child is between the ages of six and seven. Second grade is usually started when a child is between the ages of seven and eight. Somewhere between the years of eight and nine, children begin the third grade. Fourth grade is started between the ages of
9 and 10. The last remaining grade of the primary years is the fifth grade. Most c children begin the fifth grade when they are between 10 and 11 years old.
The middle school years coincides with early adolescence. Sixth grade typically starts when a child is between 11 and 12 years old, Seventh grade is between the ages of 12 and 13, and Eighth grade is between 13 and 14. After the age of 14, most students enter the ninth grade, which is also considered the Freshman year of high school. The Sophomore year, or the tenth grade usually occurs during the ages of 15-16. The Junior year occurs during the 11th grade and is typically between the ages of 16 and 17. Finally, the Senior year occurs during the 12th grade. This is the final year of public school before entering college and it typically occurs between 17 and 18 years of age.