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Social Studies help for American History, Economics and AP Government. There are class notes, numerous Supreme Court case summaries and information on how to write a research paper inside.

How was the end of WWII and reaction to the past?

The war that raged in the Pacific and in Europe was only one of many conflicts being waged in the early 1940's. Another conflict was taking place between the allies themselves. Not a war but a competition. America and England recognized that the Communist Soviet Union was going to be a major force in world politics and were very concerned about what type of power Josef Stalin might wield. At the same time Stalin was concerned about the power of the United States. The jockeying for position in the new world order was the war within the war.

War Goals

Prevent Soviet Dominance

Get Unconditional Surrender

Build democracies in Germany and Japan

Avoid Future World War

Wartime conferences

1. Atlantic Conference - 1940 - becomes basis of UN.

2. Tehran Conference - 11/43 - agreement to open up 2nd front.

3. Yalta Conference - 10/44 - Stalin agrees to have free and open elections in E, Europe

4. Potsdam Conference - 7/45 - Stalin makes it clear that he will never leave Eastern Europe or have democratic elections.

What was the US plan for Europe and Japan after the war was over?

1. We rebuilt them so that in the future they would be allies and the threat of war could be ended forever.

2. Marshall Plan - aid offered to all democratic nations in Europe.

3. MacArthur Plan - rebuilt Japan, installed new democracy.

4. Creation of the United Nations.

The Wartime Conferences

Atlantic Charter - 8/40

  • Before the war Roosevelt and Churchill met in secret on a ship in the Atlantic.
  • Signed the Atlantic Charter stating the goals of the war:

no territorial expansion

  • no territorial changes without permission of inhabitants self determination freer trade.
  • cooperation to improve other nations.
  • disarming of aggressor nations.
  • The Atlantic Charter was eventually signed by 15 countries including the Soviet Union and became the basis of the United Nations.

Cairo Conference - 11/43

  • Roosevelt, Churchill and Chiang Kai-shek agreed that Korea would become independent.
  • Taiwan would be returned to China from Japan.

Tehran Conference - 11/43

  • Roosevelt and Churchill assure Stalin a second front would be opened soon.

Yalta Conference - 10/44

  • Try German and Japanese leaders as war criminals.
  • Agreed to set up the United Nations.
  • Stalin agrees to "free and unfettered" elections in Eastern Europe.

Potsdam Conference - 7/45

  • Stalin agrees to enter the war against Japan after the war in Europe is over.
  • Stalin, Churchill and Truman meet to discuss post war plans.
  • Stalin makes it clear that he will never leave Eastern Europe and that there will never be democratic elections in Eastern Europe.
  • Truman tells Stalin we have developed a bomb of "enormous destructive power." Stalin hardly responds.
  • Germany divided into 4 zones.
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