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The Presidency (and age) of Andrew Jackson

The era of good feeling continued into the mid 1800's. In the election of 1824 Monroe gave way to John Quincy Adams who had ran against Andrew Jackson. In actuality Jackson received a majority of the popular votes AND more electoral votes than Adams but since there was a third candidate, Henry Clay, Jackson did not have a majority of the electoral votes. The 12th amendment calls for the House of Representatives to decide by majority vote between the two candidates when there is no majority of the electoral votes. In a deal between Clay and Adams Clay's supporters backed Adams and Clay became Secretary of State and Adams won the Presidency. Jackson and his supporters were outraged and in the next election they defeated Adams by a large margin.

I. The Age of Jackson

A. Jackson is the first President elected via popular vote

1. He first lost in 1824. He had the most electoral votes and popular votes but not a majority of the electoral votes. There were four rivals.

2. John Quincy Adams cut a deal by putting one of his rivals on the cabinet and got his electoral votes. He was never a poupular President.

3. In 1828 Jackson changed the ame of the Democrat-Republicans to the Democratic Party. He won the elcetion easily with help from Martin Van Buren.

B. Jackson is regarded as a "rebel"

1. He is nicknamed "King Mob"

2. He allows the common man into the White House.

C. Jackson's Actions Strengthen the Presidency

1. The Kitchen Cabinet - puts in his "cronies"

2. The Spoils System - replaces 10% of Federal workers with loyal Democrats.

3. Jacksonian Vetoes - more vetoes then all other Presidents combined.

4. Ignores the Supreme Court - In Cherokee Nation v Georgia he removed the Indians against a Supreme Court order. He is rumored to have said: The Supreme Court has made its decison, now let THEN enforce it:"

5. Passed the Force Bill - authorized the use of military force to make sure South Carolina paid the protectibe tariff they had called "The Tariff of Abominations."

6. Destroyed the 2nd National Bank of the a United States - Congress had voted to save it but he then used his executive power to withdraw all fderal funds. He felt it was the "agent of the rich."


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