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The Wartime Conferences

Setting The Stage For A New World Order

Atlantic Charter - 8/40

  • Before the war Roosevelt and Churchill met in secret on a ship in the Atlantic.
  • Signed the Atlantic Charter stating the goals of the war:

    -no territorial expansion

    -no territorial changes without permission of inhabitants.

    -self determination

    -freer trade.

    -cooperation to improve other nations.

    -disarming of aggressor nations.

  • The Atlantic Charter was eventually signed by 15 countries including the Soviet Union and became the basis of the United Nations.

 

Cairo Conference - 11/43

  • Roosevelt, Churchill and Chiang Kai-shek agreed that Korea would become independent.
  • Taiwan would be returned to China from Japan.

     

Tehran Conference - 11/43

  • Roosevelt and Churchill assure Stalin a second front would be opened soon.

     

Yalta Conference - 10/44

  • Try German and Japanese leaders as war criminals.
  • Agreed to set up the United Nations.
  • Soviet Union agrees to enter the war after Germany is defeated.
  • Roosevelt and Churchill agree to accept a Communist Polish government and Stalin agrees to "free and unfettered" elections in Eastern Europe.

 

Potsdam Conference - 7/45

  • Stalin, Churchill and Truman meet to discuss post war plans.
  • Germany divided into 4 zones.
  • Stalin makes it clear he has no intention of allowing free elections in Eastern Europe.


Back To Previous Lesson - To What Extent Was The End of WWII A Reaction to the Past

 
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