From 1750 - 1770 the English fought the French in what basically
amounted to a border dispute in the New World. While both nations
claimed that the risk was control of North America, the reality is
that this was just a continuation of the conflict that existed
between France and England for centuries. The war is called the
French and Indian War because the Indians sided with the French. The
English won but at great financial cost. The colonists maverick
instincts and democratic spirit came face to face with England
mercantilist policies designed to recoup these losses after the
French and Indian War.
I. The Impact of The French and Indian War
A. How did the King plan on paying the debt form the
1. Sugar Act - New taxes on imports due to lack
of income on present molasses duty, enforcement in admiralty courts.
2. Stamp Act - forced to purchase stamps to place on
printed items, cards, dice, liquor, legal documents
B. How did the Colonists respond to the new taxes?
1. The Sons of Liberty, a revolutionary group, formed
to protest English actions.
2. They attempted to air grievances about issues such as no
taxation without representation but the King did not seem to listen.
C. How did the King assert his control?
1. Issues the Quartering Act - Which placed
troops in homes, mostly NY
2. Issues the Proclamation of 1763 - attempted to end
westward expansion in order keep colonists closer to coast - eased
D. How did the colonists respond?
1. Patrick Henry and Sons of Liberty protest for
repeal of Stamp Act
2. Stamp collectors Tarred and Feathered.
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